January 27, 2008

Saint Henry de Osso-Cervello: Founder Society of Saint Teresa of Jesus

1840-1896 - Optional Memorial - January 27th
Translated from Un Gran Apostol, Don Enrique de Osso y Cervello, by Leonie Bonnecarrere, STJ

Father Henry de Osso-Cervello was born in Vinebre, Spain, on October 16, 1840. He was one of those persons of whom it is said that God sends one every hundred years to help resolve the conflicts of their times.

It is not easy to sum up briefly all the details of his heroic life. We can get a glimpse by turning our attention to three of the most striking characteristics of this great apostle of the nineteenth century: he was a man of God; a man sent by Providence; a man determined to seek God's glory in all things.

His spirit of faith was evident from his early years. It was nourished and developed until it became the hallmark of his spirituality. Osso was a man of profound spirituality. His thoughts, words, deeds -- his whole life, in fact -- were directed towards God. At the age of six he would stop playing and leave his friends to join the parish priest whenever he knew he was taking the Blessed Sacrament to a sick person.

His father sent him to be a clerk in a dry goods store in Reus while he was still a young boy, in the hope that he would become a successful business man. While there, Henry became concerned over the bad influence some friends, with whom he came in contact in the business, could have on him. Consequently, he secretly left for the Monastery of Our Lady of Montserrat, near Barcelona, where he would dedicate his life to God. In a farewell letter to his father, he wrote:

My absence will cause you sadness but Father, it is the glory of God that motivates me. Your sorrow will be turned to joy if only you remember that we will soon meet again in heaven... Give my clothes and other belongings to the poor... Life is short and riches serve no purpose unless we use them well.

Soon after this, we find him in the seminary in Tortosa and later, in that of Barcelona. In both places he was an example of virtue to his friends, who never used improper language or gestures in his presence.

He chose a spiritual director whose advice he followed always. With his director's approval, he drew up a plan of life which he followed. He prefaced it thus:

As a help to my spiritual formation, I will, with God's grace, engrave firmly in my mind Saint Teresa's words: Let the world perish before I offend God because I owe more to God than to anybody else.

During the spiritual exercises that he made in preparation for his Subdiaconate, he added the following to his plan:

Learn of me, for I am meek and gentle of heart.

Goal: to imitate Jesus in my thoughts and actions so that others can say of me what they used to say of Saint Francis de Sales: This is how Jesus acted.

Prayer: Spirit of God, on the eve of Pentecost, I ask for this grace: Since I will soon consecrate myself to God in a special way as his temple and minister forever, fill me with your holy gifts. Grant me the spirit of prayer and zeal like that of the apostles. Fill me especially with the gifts of wisdom and fear of the Lord. Come, Holy Spirit.

Once ordained to the priesthood, (September 21, 1867), he transformed his passionate love for God into dedicated ministry, and soon became known as a model priest. Without neglecting his classes in the Seminary, he exercised his priestly ministry everywhere, among all social classes, preaching, encouraging, giving retreats, teaching religion to the children. He communicated his apostolic zeal wherever he went. His deep spirit of faith was reflected in his prayer as well as in all that he did. His devotion while celebrating the Eucharist moved many to repentance and love of God.

"Who is that priest?" asked certain visitors who saw him celebrate Mass in Rome, so inspired were they by his fervor and devotion. At times he seemed transported out of himself. It was not unusual to hear him sigh gently, as though enraptured: My Jesus and my all. To love you or to die. Rather, to live and die loving you above everything else. Do not let me leave this world without having loved you and made you known and loved as much as I can. Give glory, honor and riches to others, but give me, your servant, only your love and that will be enough. My Jesus and my all. Praised be Jesus my love. All for Jesus! Praised be Jesus!

Such was his priestly concern, the cry of his loving heart. And such was the motto that he left to the religious that he founded, the Teresian Sisters, who often echo his words: All for Jesus! Praised be Jesus!


Osso's trust in the Providence of God enabled him to launch enterprises that to the eyes of the world seemed foolish. He began the Society of Saint Teresa of Jesus in utter poverty. He often began to build with no more than a few cents for capital. As for the rest -- God's goodness would provide.

When experiencing difficulties, he frequently repeated these thoughts: Wait and you will see wonderful things... A lively faith obtains great things from God... A limited confidence obtains few graces; an unlimited confidence receives many graces and favors.

It was already noon one day and the sisters had nothing to eat. "Go to the chapel," he told them, "and recite the Seven Joys and Sorrows of Saint Joseph." A few minutes later, a wagon full of provisions for the sisters arrived at the door. Deeply moved, our priest again told the sisters, "Return to the chapel and say aloud three times, Thank you, Saint Joseph, thank you."

Nothing annoyed him more than those who, paralyzed by fear, measured everything by human prudence and had no trust in God's providence. The sisters had a small box that they called Saint Joseph's box where generous donors deposited gifts. One day a sister said to him: "Father, I found two one-hundred dollar bills." "That surprises you?" was the calm answer. "Two bills of one-hundred dollars? You will find even five hundred when you need them." As the sister smiled at his words, Father Henry delicately reproached her: You ruin everything with your lack of trust. His total trust in Providence was deeply connected to his spirit of evangelical poverty.

While still very young, he gradually acquired a deep knowledge and love of Saint Teresa of Jesus, as God prepared him for a special mission. His own spirit so synchronized with the Saint's that he adopted for his own her words: God alone suffices," and "Those who have God lack nothing.

As a youth, he usually deposited his allowance in the collection basket that was passed periodically among the members of the Confraternity of Saint Vincent de Paul. Years later, as a professor in the seminary of Tortosa, he used his salary to build altars and buy statues. His books made the rounds among his friends. He also gave away hundreds of books. He refused all ecclesiastical honors that, besides giving him a special recognition, would also have provided him some financial assistance. He invested his entire inheritance in the establishment of the Society of Saint Teresa of Jesus and of its schools. He died poor, as he had lived.

His serenity in the midst of tribulations was an indispensable proof of his abandonment to God's Providence. His peaceful facial expression never changed, even during the most bitter trials. On one occasion he was expecting some very important news that concerned himself and his most cherished apostolate, the Society. He received a letter in the presence of some of the sisters, who tried to guess the outcome of this important business by watching his expression as he read the letter. In vain! He showed not the least sign of distress. On the contrary, he changed the conversation and everybody was at ease. Imagine their surprise the following day to see him leave on an urgent trip, the result of the unpleasant news of the previous day!

Nobody ever heard him complain about others. One of his close friends gave the following testimony:

"For me the best measure of Father Henry's virtue was his behavior toward those who opposed him, even with his most violent opponents. I never heard him say anything against them. His only complaint was: This is opposition of good people.


We glorify God by knowing and loving Him and making Him known and loved. This seemed to be Henry's only objective in life, his only reason for living. As a seminarian he spent his vacations in visits to the Desert of Palms; there, in deep solitude, he became forever a lover of Saint Teresa. He also taught religion to the town children on the lower floor of his father's house during the hottest part of the day, when most people were resting. Thus, instead of only being a time of relaxation only, his vacation also became a continuation of his ministry.

Another extensive field for his apostolic zeal opened up before him after his first Mass on October 6, 1876. The Revolution of 1868 resulted in a lowering of morals in Tortosa. To fight this evil, Henry obtained the permission of his Bishop, Dr. Vilamitjana, to organize twelve catechetical centers, which soon had an enrollment of 1,200 children. God poured abundant blessings on Tortosa by means of these centers.

His ministry was most effective and extensive. Among others, the following apostolic groups are better known:

The Teresian Apostolic Movement (TAM), which he founded to teach children and youth to pray according to the spirituality of Saint Teresa, spread rapidly in Spain. He established it in more than twenty parishes and the enrollment reached more than 130,000 during his life. Today it flourishes wherever the Teresian Sisters are.
The Brotherhood of Saint Joseph, a pious association for older men, started in Tortosa, enlisted some two hundred men from its beginning. Its rapid development was a sign that Father Henry's ministry was pleasing to God.
Father Henry directed a pilgrimage to Rome, the outcome of his appreciation to the Pope and devotion to the Church. Eight hundred pilgrims went. He also organized another pilgrimage to Avila, birthplace of Saint Teresa, and to Alba, where she was buried. During this pilgrimage, he inspired everyone by his spirit of self-giving, self-sacrifice and humility, which let him forget himself and disappear at the hour of triumph -- he who had been the main organizer of the pilgrimage.

He was also instrumental in establishing a monastery of Discalced Carmelite nuns in Tortosa. These and many other forms of ministry, to which we could not possibly give space here, filled the life of this man who spent himself to make God known and loved. But Father Henry's great accomplishment in life was the foundation of the Society of Saint Teresa of Jesus, which he was inspired to found while at prayer during the night of April 2, 1876. With the approval of his spiritual director and the blessing of the Bishop, he established the Society, known as the Teresian Sisters, on June 23 of the same year, at the cost of innumerable sacrifices. To the sisters of the new congregation he wrote:

What we had in mind for this work of zeal was to make you other Teresas, in so far as possible, so that you might be foremost in promoting the honor of Jesus. Praying, teaching, and sacrifice is the aim of the Society. You must work wholeheartedly to promote the honor of Jesus and to restore all things in Christ by educating women according to the spirituality of Saint Teresa of Jesus.

He started the Society with only eight young women. Soon, however, it spread throughout Spain, Portugal, Africa, as well as North and South America. More than 5,000 Teresians have passed through the fourteen novitiates of the Institute. Today, it staffs more than one hundred schools around the world, in addition to many missions in Africa, Nicaragua, Mexico and all through Central and South America. The Teresians also staff houses of prayer in different parts of the world.

In the midst of his multiple activities, Father Henry also found time to devote to the apostolate of the pen. His first effort was a weekly newspaper entitled The People's Friend. He was editor of Saint Teresa's Magazine until his death. Among his many writings, the following publications are significant:

  • The Catechist Manual
  • Fifteen Minutes of Meditation
  • Handbook of TAM
  • Handbook of Friends of Jesus
  • Treasure Chest for Children
  • Novena to Saint Joseph
  • The Spirit of Saint Teresa
  • Saint Teresa's Month
  • A Tribute to Saint Francis de Sales
  • Novena to the Holy Spirit
  • Novena to the Immaculate Conception
  • He also published textbooks for the schools where the Teresian Sisters taught.
His dynamic life, clear vision, and high ideals went hand in hand with his gentleness, simplicity, and modesty, characteristics that made Henry de Osso very attractive in his ministry. His biographer states: "Whoever saw him never forgot him. His personality attracted the respect and affection of all who approached him."

Henry's personality was so pleasant, sincere and natural that, unaware to him, one often sensed his virtue and magnanimous heart. "Our Founder's presence encouraged us and made us happy. I always saw him act, speak, teach, and advise others as a saint would. His conversation always energized me. His mere presence communicated a certain experience of holiness." These are some of the reactions of those who knew him.

The one who characterized him best, however, was his intimate friend, Father Francisco Marsal, when he said: "The servant of God, Henry de Osso, was the most faithful model of Jesus Christ that I have ever seen. His speech, conduct, and actions always made me think: That is how Christ acted."

God, who wanted to make His servant holy, gave him a taste of the bitter chalice of Jesus' own passion. As He does with those He loves most, He made him go through Calvary before entering into glory. But the displeasures and bitter trials he underwent only served as coals to light the fire of God's love in his heart. "Jesus is loved very little", he said to two sisters shortly before his death. "Let the three of us write a booklet on how to increase the love of Jesus in the world."

A few days later, on January 27, 1896, he went home to His Father, after having made a fervent retreat in his favorite place of solitude, the Franciscan monastery of Sancti Spiritus in Gilet.

On the day he died, he appeared to several persons in Spain and America. He was buried in the Franciscan cemetery in Gilet, where his body remained until 1908, when his remains were transferred to the chapel of the novitiate of the Society of Saint Teresa of Jesus in Tortosa, Spain. On October 16, 1979, he was beatified by Pope John Paul II. After the approval of a new first-class miracle in Uruguay, Father Henry was declared Saint by Pope John Paul II in Madrid, Spain, on June 16, 1993. The Church, whom he loved so much and served so faithfully, rejoices today as she offers this model of holiness to the world.

January 9, 2008

Saint Andrew Corsini (St. Andres Corsino)

1301-January 6th, 1374 Optional Memorial – January 9th

Saint Andrew was born in Florence in 1301 of the illustrious Corsini family. A short time before the birth of Saint Andrew, his mother experienced a strange dream, in which she had given birth to a wolf which became a lamb upon entering a Carmelite church. After a dissolute youthful life Andrew repented, when one day in 1318 his desolate mother told him of her dream. He rose and went to the altar in the church where his parents had offered to God the child they hoped to obtain from His mercy; there he prayed to the Blessed Virgin with tears, then went to beg his admission to the Carmelite Order.

He began a life of great mortification. Ordained a priest in 1328, he studied in Paris and Avignon, and on his return became the Apostle of Florence, and Prior of his convent there. In 1360 he was consecrated Bishop of Fiesole, near Florence, and gained a great reputation as a peacemaker between rival political factions and for his love of the poor. He was also named papal nuncio to Bologna, where he pacified dissenting factions and won the hearts of the nobility with whom he was associating. He wrought many miracles of healing and conversion during his lifetime.

At the age of 71, while he was celebrating the midnight Mass of Christmas, the Blessed Virgin appeared to him and told him he would leave this world on the feast of the Epiphany, to meet the beloved Master he had served so faithfully. In effect, he died on that day in 1374, in the thirteenth year of his episcopacy. Miracles were so multiplied thereafter that Pope Eugenius IV permitted a public cult immediately. The city of Florence has always invoked him with confidence and happy results. He was canonized in 1629.

He is often represented holding his crosier, with a wolf and a lamb at his feet, or hovering over a battlefield on a cloud or a white steed — this in memory of his miraculous intervention in a battle the Florentine people won by his assistance.

January 8, 2008

Saint Peter Thomas (St. Pedro Tomas)

1305-1366 Optional Memorial – January 8th

The career of St Peter Thomas presents us with a curious combination of a religious vocation and a life spent in diplomacy. Born in 1305, of humble parentage, at the hamlet of Salles in the south-west of France, he at the early age of 21, came into contact with the Carmelites, and his abilities led them gladly to admit him into their noviceship at Condom; in 1342 he was made procurator general of the order. This appointment led to his taking up his abode in Avignon, then the residence of the popes, and also indicated that in spite of high spiritual ideals he was known to be pre-eminently a man of affairs. His remarkable eloquence became known, and he was asked to deliver the funeral oration of Clement VI. It may be said that from that time forth, although he always retained the simplicity of a friar, his life was entirely spent in difficult negotiations as the representative of the Holy See. To describe the political complications in which he was called upon to intervene would take much space. It must suffice to say that he was sent as papal legate to negotiate with Genoa, Milan and Venice; in 1354 he was consecrated bishop and represented the pope at Milan when the Emperor Charles IV was crowned king of Italy. Thence he proceeded to Serbia, and afterwards was charged with a mission to smooth the difficulties between Venice and Hungary; going on to Constantinople he was instructed to make another effort to reconcile the Byzantine church with the West.

What is most surprising in our days is that Innocent VI and Urban V seem to have placed Peter Thomas virtually in command of expeditions which were distinctly military in character. He was sent to Constantinople in 1359 with a large contingent of troops and contributions in money, himself holding the title of "Universal Legate to the Eastern Church" ; and when in 1365 an expeditionary force was sent to make an attack on infidel Alexandria, again the legate had virtual direction of the enterprise. The expedition ended disastrously. In the assault the legate was more than once wounded with arrows, and when he died a holy death at Cyprus three months later (January 6, 1366) it was stated that these wounds had caused, or at least accelerated, the end, and he was hailed as a martyr.

It is probable that among the reasons which led to the many diplomatic missions of St Peter Thomas we must reckon the economy thus effected for the papal exchequer at a time when it was very much depleted, for he dispensed with all unnecessary pomp and state. So far as he was himself concerned he traveled in the poorest way, and he was willing to face the great hardships which such expeditions then entailed even upon the most illustrious. We must also not forget that though his biographers write in a tone of rather indiscriminating panegyric, they are nevertheless agreed in proclaiming his own desire to evangelize the poor, his spirit of prayer, and the confidence which his holiness inspired in others. There are not many human touches to be found in our principal source, the biography of Mézičres, but it is a tribute to the impression which the bishop made on his contemporaries that Philip de Mézičres, who was himself a devoted Christian and a statesman of eminence, should speak of his friend in terms of such unstinted praise. A decree issued by the Holy See in 1608 authorized the celebration of St Peter's feast among the Carmelites as that of a bishop and martyr, but he has never been formally canonized.

January 3, 2008

Blessed Kuriakos Elias Chavara

1805-1871 - Optional Memorial – January 3rd

Blessed Kuriakos, co-founder and first prior general of the Congregation of the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate, was born at Kainakary in Kerala, India on February 10, 1805. He entered the seminary in 1818 and was ordained priest in 1829. He made his religious profession in 1855 in the congregation he had founded. In 1861 he was named vicar general for the Syro-Malabar church; in this capacity he defended ecclesial unity threatened by schism when Tomas Rochos was sent from Mesopotamia to consecrate Nestorian bishops. Throughout his life he worked for the renovation of the church in Malabar. He was also co-founder in 1866 of the congregation of the Sisters of the Mother of Carmel. Above all, he was a man of prayer, zealous for the Eucharistic Lord and devoted to the Immaculate Virgin Mary. He died at Koonammavu in 1871.